Lying to the south of Unguja, Mafia Island is home to just over 40,000 people and its population mainly relies on subsistence agriculture, fishing and the main market on the island. Tourism is not advanced at all here and the main reason for tourists to visit Mafia is for top quality scuba diving, game fishing and pure relaxation away from it all.
In 1995 the WWF helped to set up Tanzania's first Marine Park with the aim of protecting the area whilst improving the socio-economic well-being of the local communities through the sustainable, participatory and equitable utilization and protection of their natural resources.
Mafia itself consists of one large island and several smaller islands including Chole Island, only 2 square kilometres and with a population of around 1,500 people. If visiting Mafia we recommend the quirky and unique Chole Mjini Lodge on the island.